Temperature Control in Livestock FarmingPosted on August 17, 2020
Want to make sure that your livestock are comfortable all year round, no matter the weather? Then temperature transmitters and sensors are the tools you need.
You must always keep a close eye on the living conditions of your livestock. The best way to provide comfort and health to your livestock is to clamp down on the quality of their living conditions.
Living conditions that are consistently healthy all year round will, in turn, result in healthier livestock.
Poor temperature is one of a host of issues that many farmers struggle to tackle.
Poor temperature control can have a detrimental effect on any livestock.
In this article, we will be exclusively looking at the effects of poor temperature on livestock.
By the end of your read, we will equip you with the knowledge and the tools you need to provide an ideal environment for all your livestock.
What are the effects of temperature on livestock?
When winter arrives, the cold winds rise, and the temperatures plummet to an all-time low. With winter, comes problems. You can expect the dramatic shift in the temperature to impact the productivity and efficiency of your livestock.
Like us humans, livestock have what we call a thermoneutral zone. A thermoneutral zone is a temperature range in which they don’t need to expend energy to maintain normal body temperature.
While in the thermoneutral zone, animals can alter their behaviour. They can seek shelter from the wind, for example; they can grow thick hairs on their skin, for insulation against the winter cold.
These behaviours would not affect the dietary requirement of the animal.
The dietary requirement of the animal will only increase when its body temperature drops below the lower range of the thermoneutral zone.
Why would temperature affect an animal’s dietary requirement? You ask. The answer is simple. To combat cold stress, the animal must increase its metabolic rate to supply more body heat to itself. To supply more body heat to itself, the animal requires energy, which it receives from an increase in nutrition.
The impact of cold stress
When an animal’s body temperature drops well below normal, hypothermia becomes a major problem. Hypothermia can cause many negative effects on livestock.
Hypothermia can slow down metabolic process, for one. Furthermore, it can divert blood away from the extremities, cause frostbite, and even cause respiration and heart rate to drop.
The impact of heat stress
Do you think that’s bad? How about we take a look at the effects of heat stress:
Historically, ambient temperatures would never have been considered a limiting factor for the UK’s milk production industry. You would think that in the cold, wintry island of the UK, heat would be the last problem for British farmers.
The evidence, however, begs to differ. Increasing evidence shows that even the low temperatures in British summers can lead to lower milk yields and reduced fertility.
High summer temperatures and high dew points can intensify heat stress on livestock, which will prevent them from cooling. The list of problems for heat stress is exhaustive. Here are two examples of the problems:
Heat stress can impair the reproductive ability in nursing cows and can also decrease growth rate.
Many animals are sensitive to factors which influence their thermal exchange with the environment. Some examples of these factors include air temperature, air velocity, relative humidity and radiant temperature.
That is why you need to keep a close eye on the living conditions of your livestock.
A good place to start would be to begin monitoring the temperature and humidity of the environment where your livestock live. What do the results tell you? Are there any causes for concern? Are your livestock at risk of cold stress or heat stress?
It can be difficult to find a way to measure the temperature of an environment accurately and faultlessly.
Here at Omni, we offer a leading range of responsive and accurate systems that can help you to tackle extreme temperatures. Browse our versatile product range, and you’ll find a wide variety of temperature transmitters and sensors, designed to help you take the guesswork out of temperature control.
Our intelligent temperature transmitters and our sensors will equip you with the tools you need to provide a healthy living condition for your livestock.
We supply our clients with efficient, practical solutions that solve everyday problems.
Want to discover some of the unique and innovative products we offer? Browse our product range here.
Want to find out more about how our smart, responsive temperature transmitters and sensors can keep your livestock happy and comfortable? Feel free to contact us today.